What kind of grapes there are to do wine
Most of the vineyards that produce grapes for wine come from the variety Vitis Vinifera.
There are about 3,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera in the world that are used to make wine, and in the Europe classic areas, the planted vineyards are determinate by the land and the climate, besides they have arrived to be traditional in the area through the generations.
Through the years, a small number of varietals have got the reputation of making excellent wines. These are recognized as “noble grapes” and they used to produce a good wine when they are plated in new areas.
Some examples of this “noble grapes” and their traditional regions of Origen are:
• White Wines: Traditionally they grow up in Riesling-Mosel, Alsace, Chardonnay and Borgoña.
• Red Wines: They grow up in Cabernet Sauvignon, Bordeaux, Pinot Noir and Borgoña.
All of these varieties have character or a distinctive flavor that helps to recognize the source of the grapes. Many other varieties of grapes are cultivated only in some countries or regions.
Grapes in Spain
In Spain now there are around 150 varieties of vine in industrial cultivation bound to the vinification.