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What the D.O. (Apellation Origen) La Mancha represents  in wines sector?

La Mancha Bodega de J García Carrión

Autor: Redacción JGC

La Mancha, located in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, in Spain, covers 182 municipalities in the provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca and Toledo and is the largest wine region in the world with 193,904 hectares under D.O La Mancha.

The region has a marked vocation wine derived from group of characteristics to the grape production (for example, they are suffering from dry lands that usually suffer prolonged drought). As a result, La Mancha produces a wide variety of red wines, sparkling wines, white and rosé high quality wines, produced with advanced techniques (almost all wineries have the best grape crushing systems as well as the most modern systems of fermentation control).

The production area is located at an average altitude of 700 meters, with a full orography. Its soils are very chalky; these soils are from Miocene sediments. The rainfall is quite low, from 300 to 400 mm per year, often suffer prolonged droughts.

Origins and History
The vineyard is deeply rooted in history, culture and people of La Mancha. The history of the vine t goes back to Roman times and was not interrupted during the Muslim occupation, so the customs, festivals, literature, and even certain religious devotions of La Mancha villages is marked by the grapevine, appearing allusions to their wines in the writers of the Golden Age.

Miguel de Cervantes in his universal work Don Quixote makes references to wine like this: "he praised the wine so much that he putted it on the skies, although he did not dare to have it so much in them to not water down it.

Despite, the real explosion of vineyards take place during the 40´s and 50´s of the twentieth century. This is when you start to cultivate vineyards extensively and adjusted to industrial fees, arising many wine cooperatives, most of which persist to this days.

Today, the viticulture is not only the most important crop in the area; it is also the main economic activity of the municipalities of the D.O. La Mancha, which are highly technical wineries where wines are produced today.

Grape varieties
D.O La Mancha has good red grapes (the grapes Cencibel as principal, Garnacha, used in marriages and new varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot) and white (as the main grape Airen, Macabeo, and to a lesser extent, Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc), although, due to the potential of Cencibel variety, the red wines elaboration get higher achievement than white varieties.

Aging
Despite having a very good variety for aging such as Cencibel, up to the last decade practically wine was no growing up in the zone.

At present, the barrel area of D.O La Mancha is expanding with a mean age of 3 years and thus the potential in this type of wine is very promising. The 90% of the oak is of American origin and the rest French.


Aging periods, under the rules regulating the D.O. La Mancha, must fulfil their wines for the different types are:
Crianza: 24 months with 12 months in barrel or bottle minimum.
Reserva: 36 months with 12 months in barrel and 24 in the bottle.
Gran Reserva: 60 months with 24 barrels and 36 months in bottle.

Wineries registered with D.O La Mancha: 300 wineries
Bottling wineries: 200         
Exporting: 80

Regulatory Board “D.O La Mancha"
Av. Criptana, 73
13600 Alcázar de San Juan
consejo@lamanchado.es

García Carrión and D.O La Mancha
García Carrión operates in D.O La Mancha through Bodega JGC La Mancha (Daimiel), where produces its wines Opera Prima and 

Sources:
Authors and Regulatory Board website D.O "La Mancha"
www.lamanchado.es

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