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American Rootstock

Talking about wine culture, the American Rootstock is the root of the American origin to which it was decided to graft varieties of the Vitis Vinífera to fight against the phyloxera at the end of the XIX century it was necessary to replant the vineyards because of the parasite of the phylloxera (Phylloxera Vastatrix), that arrived in Europe tines of EEUU. Between 1860 and 1900 the vines of European Vitis vinífera (beginning in France to be extended to other vineyards in Europe) were devastated for this parasite that went through the ground to holes in the roots of the vineyard and weakening it until kill the plant. However, the vineyards of the east coast of North America, they resulted to be resistant to the devastated effects of the plague. These grapevines were some species in relation with the Vitis vinifera like the vitis rupestris, the Vitis riparia or the Vitis berlandieri. Because these American vineyards produce wines with a different flavor from those produced from Vitis vinifera, it was dismissed the possibility of introduting in the European vines in the place of the Vitis vinifera varieties, for this reason the cure turn out to be grafting Vitis vinifera in the roots, or the rootstock of the American grapevines (it was first made in 1884). The main of the planted vineyards nowadays consists on sprouts of a European variety of the Vitis vinifera that have been grafting in the American roots.

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